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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳泓怡、張純明(1998)。臺灣高等教育全面品質自我評鑑之實證研究。行政院國科會專題研究計畫成果報告。
  2. 吳清山(2007)。提昇教育品質強化教育競爭力。品質月刊,43(8),62-66。
  3. 吳坤晉(2007)。推行全面品質管理對股東財富的影響-以國家品質獎得主為例。靜宜大學管理碩士論文,台中縣。
  4. 李紹彰、陳至安(2007)。以SEM探討中華民國國家品質評審架構模式。品質學報,14(3),219-234。
  5. 呂執中、張立穎(2009)。教育品質之典範-整合品質屋邁向國家品質獎。品質月刊,45(3),19-24。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許麗萍(2015)。大學品質保證機制與卓越經營模式整合之研究。淡江大學管理科學學系博士班學位論文。2015。1-164。 
  2. 郭嵩麟(2016)。大學圖書館推動全面品質管理教育訓練研究。淡江大學資訊與圖書館學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-129。
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