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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 71 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余鑑、于俊傑、廖珮妏,2008,「連鎖餐飲業員工人格特質,工作特性,工作滿意度之研究-以美式星期五餐廳為例」,臺北科技大學學報,41(2),83-110。
  2. 林滿祝,2002,「交易式/轉換式領導風格對於員工態度之關聯性研究---以親信關係及員工人格特質為情境變項」,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 林言鎂,2010,「轉換型領導對工作滿意之影響-以組織文化為中介變數」,臺北大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
  4. 周惠莉,2003,「五大人格特質,性別角色與轉換型領導關聯性之研究」,未出版碩士論文,中原大學,桃園縣。
  5. 吳明蒼,2005,「大學生休閒滿意量表編製之建構與驗證」,臺北市立教育大學學報,36(2),129-154。
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