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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 65 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尹玫君、張琬翔 (2013)。從學習觀點探討教育網站評鑑之內涵。教育學誌,29,71-104。
  2. 吳齊殷(2002)。歷史發展與行動者。資訊社會研究,2,229-233。
  3. 吳耀明、馮厚美 (2007)。鄉土語言教學政策形成與實施現況訪談分析。屏東教育大學學報,26,37-72。
  4. 杜瑞澤、邱淑萍、莊立文、朱維政(2013)。遠距教學之線上學習成效影響因子之研究。文化創意產業研究學報,3(4),157-166。
  5. 周雅容(1997)。焦點團體法在調查研究上的應用。調查研究-方法與應用,3,51-73。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李欣餘(2017)。醫院網站品質與民眾認知醫院聲譽和認知醫院服務品質關聯之研究:信號理論觀點。義守大學醫務管理學系學位論文。2017。1-143。
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