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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁慕玉(2007)。自我導向學習與學業成就及相關因素的探討-以虎尾科技大學為例。國立虎尾科技大學學報,26(1),97-108。
  2. 沈秀霞(2007)。使用Moodle進行國中電腦課評量之效益評估。國立臺灣師範大學資訊教育學系在職進修研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  3. 周月娥(1995)。摩托羅拉訓練績效評估一級棒。台北:行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局。
  4. 林明佳(2006)。線上學術英文詞彙教學對大學生寫作的影響。國立清華大學外國語文學系研究所碩士論文,未出版,新竹。
  5. 侯東旭、侯幸雨(2008)。從學習者角度探討影響數位學習績效之因子分析/ 臺灣學術網路管理委員會、華藝數位股份有限公司。
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