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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王凱立 (2001),「一個新的參數化GARCH模型在亞洲股市上的應用」,財務金融學刊,第9卷第3期,頁21-52。
  2. 王凱立、林嘉慧 (2003),「條件高階動差於財務金融市場之應用」。財務金融學刊,第11卷第2期,頁1-41。
  3. 李沃牆,張克群 (2006),「比較不同波動率模型下台灣股票選擇權之評價績效」,真理財經學報,第14期,頁71-96。
  4. 李命志,洪瑞成,劉洪鈞 (2007),「厚尾GARCH模型之波動性預測能力比較」,輔仁管理評論,第14卷第2期,頁47-72。
  5. 涂惠娟、蔡垂君 (2006),「台指選擇權風險值之研究」,交大商管學報,第11卷第2期,頁57-69。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張黃威(2011)。應用高頻率資料提升波動模型預測能力之研究。淡江大學財務金融學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-75。 
  2. 蔡宜晏(2011)。風險值估計期間之績效探討。淡江大學財務金融學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-69。
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