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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 41 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [16] YAMAHA-台灣 。[Online] Available:
  2. [23] 李琴娟。遊戲化直笛課程對國小中年級學生直笛學習興趣、直笛成就及音樂成就之影響。未出版之碩士論文。國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所,臺北,2003。
  3. [29] 陳均帆。探討朱宗慶打擊樂教學法對兒童音樂教育的幫助。國立台北藝術大學:音樂系研究所在職專班論文,2005。
  4. [33] Linsey Raymaekers,Game of Tones: Learning to Play Songs on a Piano Using Projected Instructions and Games(CHI 2014, Apr 26 - May 01, 2014, Toronto, ON, Canada.ACM 978-1-4503-2474-8/14/04)
  5. [34] Arduino。[Online] Available:
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 紀智力(2016)。刺激失智症者認知功能之鐵琴演奏系統。淡江大學電機工程學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-45。
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