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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 66 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何茉如、林世華(2011) 。國中生幽默感對於生活壓力,身心健康之調節作用。 教育心理學報 32(1)123-156。
  2. 林文安(2011)。新北市國民小學教師幽默感與創新教學之相關研究。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文 : 1-150。
  3. 林耀南、楊婉如(2008)。多向度幽默感對自尊,工作倦怠與工作滿足之影響-以第一線服務人員爲例。商管科技季刊 9.4:417-442。
  4. 林耀南(2010)。餐飲第一線服務人員幽默感量表之建構與發展。觀光休閒學報 16.2 : 139-164。
  5. 邱發忠(2010)。幽默理解的多重語義激發,好笑反應對創造力的影響:以右腦激發為中介變項。中華心理衛生學刊 23.2: 183-217。
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