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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 272 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尤哈尼.伊斯卡卡夫特,2002年,《原住民族覺醒與復振》,台北:前衛出版社,頁1-234。
  2. 台灣歷史學會編輯委員會編,2000年,《民族問題論文集》,台北縣板橋市:稻鄉出版,頁35-76。
  3. 林立樹,1976年,《新左派對美國歷史之解釋》,台北:嘉新水泥公司文化基金會,頁1-57。
  4. 洪鎌德,1997年,《當代左派思潮的解析-資本主義轉型的哲學考察》,輔仁大學哲學論集(三十),台北:輔仁大學哲學硏究所,頁122-138。
  5. 洪鎌德,1988年,《新馬克思主義和現代社會科學》,台北:森大圖書,頁1-87。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱蘭晴(2012)。查韋斯政府的石油外交研究:以美國與中國為例。淡江大學拉丁美洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2012。1-134。 
  2. 吳怡萱(2011)。尼加拉瓜奧蒂嘉總統外交政策之分析(1985~1990,2007~2010)。淡江大學拉丁美洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2011。1-126。 
  3. 鄭怡君(2010)。布希政府之拉丁美洲外交政策之研究(2001~2008年)。淡江大學拉丁美洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2010。1-182。 
  4. 吳嘉豪(2007)。拉丁美洲新興左派研究―以委內瑞拉查維茲政權為例。淡江大學拉丁美洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2007。1-113。 
  5. 高晨峰(2009)。委內瑞拉查維茲政權能源政策之研究- 由分析層次探討。政治大學外交研究所學位論文。2009。1-265。
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