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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. .立法院(2011,1月26日) 。安寧緩和醫療條例。
  2. .辛幸珍(2006) 。以家庭為中心之價值觀對老年末期醫療抉擇之影響: 比較臺灣年老者與紐西蘭老人之觀點。臺灣醫學人文學刊 Vol.7, No.1&2(pp.179-190)
  3. .周希諴、李選、羅旭宜、周裕銓、張梅芳(2006)。某教學醫院護理人員對安寧療護知識、態度及參與工作意願之探討。中山醫學雜誌,Vol.17(pp.23-32)
  4. .周家汶、陳夏蓮、許正園(2011) 。慢性阻塞性肺疾病病人之安寧療護 Taiwan Journal of Hospice Palliative Care Vol.16 No.1
  5. .吳森期、孫嘉玲、陳詩婷等(2011)。安寧病房中病人、主要照顧者及醫療相關人員緩和療護品質之比較。Taiwan Journal of Hospice Palliative Care Vol.16 No.1
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳柔惠(2015)。醫療法律與醫學倫理:以急診醫療制度為例。中山大學中國與亞太區域研究所學位論文。2015。1-206。
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