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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王天苗、廖鳳端、蔡春美、盧明(1999)•台灣地區發展遲緩幼兒人口調查研究•特殊教育研究學刊,17,37-57。
  2. 王天苗(2004)•幼兒發展與學習之影響因素探討•特殊教育研究學刊,93 (27),1-18。
  3. 吳美連、唐景俠(2004)協助有外籍母親及聽障幼兒家庭之護理過程•護理雜誌,51(6),87-93。
  4. 生署國民健康局委託研究報告。
  5. 吳清山(2004)•外籍新娘子女教育問題及其因應策略•師友月刊,
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陶菁菁(2014)。危機?轉機?~尋找單親新移民女性之韌力。長榮大學社會工作學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-106。 
  2. 楊子萱(2012)。兒童在胎兒及幼兒時期汞、甲基汞暴露對其三歲時認知、語言、動作發展之影響。臺北醫學大學公共衛生學系暨研究所學位論文。2012。1-118。 
  3. 簡純青(2010)。透納氏症患孩父母親職壓力與生活品質之探討。臺灣大學分子醫學研究所學位論文。2010。1-110。 
  4. 李慧玲(2007)。越南與台灣母親之五足歲子女自我概念的比較研究。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系學位論文。2007。1-146。
  5. 徐憶秋(2012)。主要照顧者對幼童接受發展評估行為意圖及其相關因素之研究。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-131。
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