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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 104 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王麗雪、何美瑤、呂桂雲、葉淑惠(2007).照顧者社會支持、照顧評價和失能老人家庭照顧品質的相關性探討.實證護理,3(3),177-187。
  2. 王冠今、苗迺芳、陳鳳音、張玉梅、陳靜敏(2009).台灣社區老人的健康行為及其相關因素研究.健康促進暨衛生教育雜誌,1(29),73-94。
  3. 田秀娟、邱啟潤.失能者社會參與及其相關因素探討.護理暨健康照護研究,9 (3),P182 - 191。
  4. 杜玉卿(2002).護理之家老人激能感受與其生活品質之相關探討.高雄醫學大學護理研究所碩士論文,未出版,高雄市。
  5. 吳淑瓊(2005).人口老化與長期照護政策.國家政策季刊,4(4),5-24。
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