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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 124 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. American Diabetes Association : diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes Care 31, Suppl 1:S55-60, 2008
  2. American Diabetes Association Clinical Practice Recommendation.Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes. Diabetes Care 29(suppl 1); S4, 2006
  3. American Diabetes Association: Nutrition principles and recommendations in diabetes (Position Statement). Diabetes Care 27 (Suppl 1):S36 –46, 2004
  4. Anderson RA .Benefical effects of chromium for people with diabetes, Diabetes 46:1786-91,1997
  5. Ascherio A, Hennekens C, Willert WC, Sacks F, Rosner B, Manson J, Witteman J,Stampfer MJ.Prospective study of nutritional factors, blood pressure, and hypertension among US women. Hypertension 27: 1065-72, 1996
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林孟萩(2015)。營養教育介入對素食第2型糖尿病合併高血脂症患者血糖與血脂之影響。中山醫學大學營養學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-64。
  2. 楊伊蓉(2016)。運用健康信念模式探討糖尿病前期民眾之健康飲食行為和規律身體活動行為。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2016。1-122。
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