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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 124 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王麗雲(2002)•等待心臟移植患者自我照顧行為、希望與社會支持之相關性探討•未發表的碩士論文,台北:台北醫學院護理研究所。
  2. 李靜雯(2002)•乳癌病患手術後症狀困擾和情緒狀態之改變及其相關性•未發表的碩士論文,台北:台北醫學院護理學研究所。
  3. 李靜怡、顏文娟(2008)•探討肝癌病患希望、疾病評價及社會支持之相關性研究•未發表的碩士論文,台中:中山醫學大學護理研究所。
  4. 林惠文、顏啟華、應宗和(2006)•乳癌的篩檢與診斷•基層醫學,
  5. 林佳靜、梁靜祝、黃芬蘭、賴裕和(2004)•血液透析患者之希望與社會支持的相關性探討•台灣腎臟護理學會雜誌,3(1),17-31。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蕭淑嫺(2015)。參與臨床試驗的肺癌病人不確定感與希望狀態之探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2015。1-113。 
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