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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院主計處,99 年人口及住宅普查初步統計結果提要分析,2011。
  2. 行政院衛生署國民健康局,民國96年中老年身心社會生活狀況長期追蹤(第六次)調查,2007。
  3. 江瑞坤、鄭宇翔、陳欣欣、陳淑娟、蔡坤維,雲嘉老人跌倒之研究,台灣老年醫學雜誌,1(3),頁174-181,2006。
  4. 吳書慧、曹昭懿、林桑伊、張谷州、李雪楨,多面向介入對不同跌倒風險老年人之跌倒預防成效,中華民國物理治療學會雜誌,36(4),頁55-70,2011。
  5. 呂貝蕾、張淑玲、陳晶瑩、吳治勳、張靜怡、陳慶餘,門診慢性病老人衰弱症之分析,台灣老年醫學暨老年學雜誌,5(1),頁36-49,2010。
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