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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [5] 曾協淳、葉繼豪,應用創新構思問題解決法(TRIZ)降低五階段QFD管理之衝突矛盾-以筆記型電腦主機板開發為例,碩士論文,國立臺北科技大學研究所,台北,2009。
  2. [12] 蘇怡如,整合型電腦外觀元件之配置研究,碩士論文,大同大學工業設計研究所,台北,2010。
  3. [17] 唐永成,印刷電路板製造資料模型建構與成本分析,碩士論文,元智大學工業工程與管理研究所,中壢,2002。
  4. [18] 柯劉文,台灣印刷電路板產業出口貿易佈局之策略分析,碩士論文,中原大學國際貿易學系,中壢,2005。
  5. [21] 黄雅琪, PCB產業2009年回顧與2010年展望,臺北:工業技術研究院,2009。
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