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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 226 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王靜珠(1980)。幼稚教育。台中:長春。
  2. 江玫君(2001)。中國式領導模式之比較研究-以中國大陸浙江省與台灣地區普通中學為例。國立彰化師範大學工業教育學系博士論  文,未出版。
  3. 吳清山(2000)。學校行政。台北:心理。
  4. 吳福源(1999)。國民小學優良教師與一般教師的班級經營策略與班級氣氛關係之研究。國立政治大學教育研究所博士論文,未出   版。
  5. 林公孚(2004)。認識領導與領導者。品質月刊,40(3)。 
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李文(2011)。臺北市公立幼兒園班級共同領導及其相關因素之研究。政治大學幼兒教育所學位論文。2011。1-146。
  2. 高勤益(2011)。新北市國中導師師生互動與班級經營效能之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-137。
  3. 陳麗君(2011)。桃園縣國小高年級級任教師正向管教與班級經營效能關係之研究。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文。2011。1-148。
  4. 劉乙儀(2013)。幼兒園教師領導與教師專業發展關係之研究。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2013。1-411。
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