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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 87 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 12.陳偉星、余豐榮、金憲,「台灣傳統產業研發之方式、瓶頸及資源需求與產業類型關係之研究」,科學與工程技術期刊,第七卷,第二期,2011,第63-75頁。
  2. 14.徐世勳、林國榮、蘇漢邦、林桓聖,「臺灣產業結構變動之動態一般均衡預測」,臺灣經濟預測與政策,第36卷,第二期,2006,第1-45頁。
  3. 16.陳悅琴、郭椀停,「企業主策略意圖對企業轉型歷程之分析:以歐都納公司為例」,創業管理研究期刊,第五卷,第四期,2010,第1-34頁。
  4. 17.邱峰祥、黃瓊恩,「台灣中小企業轉型策略與組織績效之研究-以明安、信立、金氏及慕品四家公司為例」,建國科大學報,第24卷,第二期,2005,第75-90頁。
  5. 23.張旭華、呂鑌洧,「運用TRIZ-based方法於創新服務品質設計-以保險業為例」,品質學報,第16卷,第三期,2009。
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