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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 23 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2] 王友龍,圖解提案學,台北:臉譜出版/城邦文化事業股份有限公司,2009。
  2. [3] 陳瀚凱,「從注意力、觀察力與創造力三者相互關係件購AOC三階段視覺觀察法之創意教學起發模式」,設計研究,第5期,第62-72頁,2005。
  3. [9] 林志煒,平面廣告圖像符號之隱喻性多空間模式探討與應用¬-以時報廣告金像獎(1997~2003)得獎作品與時報廣告金犢獎(2005)創作作品為例,碩士論文,崑山科技大學視覺傳達設計研究所,台南,2005。
  4. [11] 王鴻祥、洪瑞麟,「文創商品的隱喻設計模式」,設計學報,第16卷,第4期,2011
  5. [13] 林真妤,模糊相似性為基礎的產品驚奇感評估,碩士論文,國立台北科技大學創新設計研究所,台北,2011
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 戴嘉言(2013)。概念混成設計:高齡者居家智慧產品開發個案研究。臺北科技大學創新設計研究所學位論文。2013。1-95。 
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