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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [7] 吳玟嬅,運用7C架構顧客介面於科技大學線上教學網站之研究,碩士論文,國立臺北科技大學工業工程與管理研究所,台北,2010。
  2. [22] 帥嘉珍、陳杏枝、張嘉豪,「台灣佛教網站之社會網絡與呈現初探」,電子商務研究,第九卷,第一期,2011,第79-100頁。
  3. [26] 張雅晴,以Kano與QFD探討網路報稅之服務品質,碩士論文,國立臺北科技大學工業工程與管理研究所,台北,2008。
  4. [29] 莊泰旭,Kano品質模式在汽車市場調查之研究-以中、印汽車業為例,碩士論文,元智大學管理研究所,中壢,2002。
  5. [32] 郭宜中,以Kano模式探討醫院服務品質與病患滿意度之研究,碩士論文,元智大學管理研究所,2001。
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