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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 88 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [4] 王淳隆 譯,實存•空間•建築,Norberg – Schulz著,1994,臺隆書局。
  2. [11] 林宏幟,身心障礙者生捱規劃與轉銜教育,2000,五南,第二版。
  3. [27] 中華民國特殊教育學會,特殊教育資源整合,2002。
  4. [47] 李鳳紋,國內早期療育實施現況之分析與建議,特教概論。
  5. [53] 林聖曦、林慶仁,視障兒童遊戲行為的觀察研究:以一所啟明學校附幼為例1,特殊教育與復健學報第十一期,國立談難師範學校特殊教育系,2003,pp.75-99。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇怡帆(2010)。看見�看不見的城市:視障者在城市空間中的移動經驗。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2010。1-84。 
  2. 游淑娟(2013)。視障者運用迴聲知覺空間佈局之尋路經驗研究。臺北科技大學設計研究所學位論文。2013。1-140。
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