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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 27 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王貞淑、周棟祥、鍾典村,「以系統動態觀點預測使用者對於廢資訊用品回收意願與行為」,管理與系統,第十九卷,第二期,2012,第333-354頁。
  2. 2. 呂宗昇,探討電腦逆物流網路中產品回收數量與品質對營運成本之影響,碩士論文,國立成功大學工業與資訊管理學系碩博士班,台南,2011。
  3. 3. 張禹晰,電子電器產品再生策略選定與成本效益評估及智慧型決策支援系統之開發,碩士論文,國立成功大學資源工程學系,台南,2004。
  4. 5. 曾鈺雯,利用系統動力學探討產品服務系統之碳足跡評估-以洗衣行為為例,碩士論文,國立台北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所,台北,2011。
  5. 13. C.H. Lee, S.L. Chang, K.M. Wang and L.C. Wen, "Management of scrap computer recycling in Taiwan, " Hazardous Materials, vol. 73, no. 3, 2000, pp. 209-210.
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