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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 石曜堂、張政國(2008)。醫療品質發展趨勢探討。台灣醫學,12(6), 685-690。
  2. 汪華斌(2008)。認可認證的誠信危機引發品質管制的思考。品質月刊,44(11),9-14。
  3. 李婉怡、吳靜宜、林佳慧(2007)。醫療院所服務品質與顧客滿意之關係探討-以南部某牙醫聯盟為例。品質學報,14(2),181-196。
  4. 李碧芳、邱南津、姚維仁、林炳文(2008)。台灣南部某放射免疫分析科建立品質與技術管理系統的過程與效益。核子醫學雜誌,21(2),99-107。
  5. 何秀玲、羅宇茜、鄭凱玲、楊裕熙(2008)。實施ISO 9001:2000品質管理系統對醫院績效的影響。品質月刊,44(12),33-39。
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