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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 34 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.王冠懿,鄭守夏(2006)。民眾就醫層級與醫療利用分析: SARS疫情前後的觀察。臺灣衛誌:25(1):75-82。
  2. 2.行政院衛生署疾病管制局。防疫區疾病介紹。2011/12/22,取自
  3. 4.行政院衛生署疾病管制局(2004)。事件記錄。載於施文儀主編,抗SARS關鍵紀錄。臺北:行政院衛生署疾病管制局。
  4. 7.財團法人國家衛生研究院(2002)。全民健康保險研究資料庫資料清單。取自財團法人國家衛生研究院網站:
  5. 9.張苙雲 (1998)。「逛醫師」的邏輯:求醫歷程的分析。臺灣社會學刊,21,59-87。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許佳雯(2013)。膽囊相關疾病患者重複就診與接受膽囊切除術機率之相關性研究。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-63。 
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