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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李怡真。(1999)。影響老人接受居家照護服務之直接與間接因素。台北醫學院公共衛生學研究所碩士論文。 吳淑瓊、張明正。(1997)。台灣老人的健康照護現況分析。國立台灣大學公共衛生研究所•台灣省家庭計畫研究所。 吳聖良、張瑛玿、林豐雄、姚克明。(1992)。台灣省社區殘障老人主要照顧者之壓力與需求之調查研究。台灣省公共衛生研究所。 吳芝儀、李奉儒。(1995)。質的評鑑與研究。台灣:桂冠圖書公司。 胡幼慧、王孝仙、郭淑珍。(1995)。家人照護失能老人的困境:一項質化與量化整合的研究。公共衛生,22 (2),99-112。
  2. 徐慧娟、吳淑瓊。(1998)。提供社區是家庭支持方案能否減少機構式長期照護服務之使用意願。中華衛誌,17(4),326-335。
  3. 陳玉枝、劉影梅。(1999)。喘息服務在慢性病患長期照護的應用。護理雜誌,46(2),40-44。
  4. 賴豐美、盧孳豔。(1998)。居家失能病患之女性照顧者的經驗。護理研究,6(5),372-381。
  5. 英文部份 Adler, G., Kuskowski, M. A., & Mortimer. J. (1995). Respite use dementia patients. Clinical Gerontologist, 15(3), 17-30.
Times Cited (16) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周冠宇(2014)。家事服務員專業知能對顧客滿意度之關聯性分析。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-51。 
  2. 黃柏菁(2014)。居家服務員工作壓力及壓力因應之探討。長榮大學社會工作學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-123。 
  3. 陳怡如(2013)。高齡志工持續參與居家服務經驗之探討-以財團法人華山社會福利慈善事業基金會為例。長榮大學社會工作學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-86。 
  4. 許玉珍(2014)。居家服務照顧服務員工作壓力現況之研究-以高雄市為例。屏東科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2014。1-96。 
  5. 陳思佳(2010)。社會服務輸送之社會排除現象初探─以居家服務為例。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2010。1-123。 
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