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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 88 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王賡堯、葉祖青(1990). 慢性鬱血性心臟衰竭的神經性內分泌調解作用.當代醫學,17(4) ,290-293。
  2. 林中生(1994).心臟衰竭治療的過去現在與未來(下).當代醫學,21(7) 513-517。
  3. 林榮第、白璐、游芝亭、嚴澯鑫、王榮德(1996). 血液透析病人之健康相關生活品質問卷的設計與驗證. 中華衛誌,15(4),333-345。
  4. 陳肇真主編(1978) . 內科學. 台北:合記。 許麗齡、尹祚芊(1988) . 慢性阻塞性肺疾病患者之生活品質及其相關因素之探討. 護理雜誌,35(3) ,73-88。
  5. 楊小娟(1998). 慢性阻塞性肺疾病患者運動自我效能與實際運動結果之探討. 台北醫學院護理研究所碩士論文。 蔡忠文(1996) . 乙型阻斷劑治療慢性心衰竭之現況與展望. 醫學繼續教育,5(6) ,768-771。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳玉雯(2011)。居家步行運動訓練對周邊動脈疾病患者血管功能、行走功能、與生活品質之成效。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-212。 
  2. 王佳慧(2001)。運動訓練對老年周邊動脈阻塞患者行走功能與自覺健康狀態成效之探討。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2001。1-106。
  3. 施淑娟(2002)。比較時間增長型及強度增強型運動訓練計劃對心臟衰竭病患之成效。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2002。1-102。
  4. 陳蓓蒂(2002)。規律耐力運動訓練對高血壓患者血壓控制與生活品質改善成效之探討。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2002。1-126。
  5. 楊素月(2008)。乳癌術後婦女於化療期間身體活動量與睡眠品質及相關因素之探討。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-128。
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