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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林春香、劉雪娥、王正儀 (1996). 大腸直腸癌症病患生活品質及其相關因素之探討. 護理研究,4 (1), 13-25.
  2. 林佳靜 (1998). 癌症疼痛因應量表之發展與癌症疼痛因應行為之探討. 護理研究,6 (5), 405-415.
  3. 李茹萍 (1996). 花連地區肺結核病人服藥遵從性及其相關因素之探討. 慈濟醫學院護理學研究所碩士論文. 李惠玲 (1996). 化學治療中乳癌病患訊息需求相關因素之探討.國防醫學院護理學研究所碩士論文. 卓麗鳳 (1999). 家屬對手術後病人使用止痛藥的擔心與病人疼痛控制的相關性. 台北醫學院護理學研究所碩士論文. 許書劍 (1992). 胃癌. 於林天祐主編 一般外科學 (上冊) (pp.43-72) 台北:台灣商務.
  4. 陳淑如 (1996). 探討手術後病人對疼痛護理及疼痛控制滿意及其影響因素. 台北醫學院護理學研究所碩士論文.
  5. 陳佩英 (1999). 疼痛對癌症病患焦慮與憂鬱之影響. 長庚大學護理學研究所碩士論文.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 向肇英(2000)。比較衛教與肌肉放鬆訓練處置乳癌婦女術後疼痛及焦慮改善之成效。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2000。1-136。
  2. 蔡秀芬(2001)。癌症病患病情告知與否及健康控制信念與希望程度之相關性探討。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2001。1-113。
  3. 吳名珠(2002)。肺部手術病患術後急性期疼痛經驗之探討。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2002。1-90。
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