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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中文部分 ICD- 9- CM 2001年版中英對照(台灣病歷管理協會編譯)(2004).臺灣:台北. 丁先玲、白璐、王榮德、陳國東(1994).車禍頭部外傷之流行病學研究:特別著重機車使用人是否配戴安全帽之影響.臺灣醫學雜誌,93(1),42- 48
  2. 王文玲(2000).台灣安全帽立法後對頭部外傷的成效評估.台北醫學院公共衛生學研究所碩士論文. 台灣病歷管理協會(1999).ICD- 9- CM 分類規則彙編.臺灣:台北. 行政院衛生署(2005).衛生統計.Retrieved June 12, 2006, from 行政院衛生署.Web site:
  3. 李燕鳴(2004).臺灣事故傷害之監控與防制.臺灣醫學雜誌,8(1),114- 121
  4. . 呂宗學、石台平、賴華山、李麗雪、李孟智、周明智(1995).台灣地區死因統計準確度評估(I):可能錯誤來源與評估方法.中華衛生雜誌,14(2),179- 190
  5. . 林茂榮、王夷暐(2004).社區老人跌倒的危險因子與預防.臺灣公共衛生雜誌,23(4),259- 271
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 翁玲子(2010)。急性期聽覺感官刺激對腦損傷病人顱內壓及認知功能復原之影響。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-73。 
  2. 陳薇伊(2007)。外傷性腦受傷患者使用高壓氧治療之成效分析。臺北醫學大學傷害防治學研究所學位論文。2007。1-89。 
  3. 楊明純(2011)。心智推理能力對頭部外傷病人的社交互動頻率之影響。臺灣大學心理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-58。 
  4. 許溦珊(2008)。重症單位頭部外傷病人選擇長期照護方案之探討─以南部某區域教學醫院為例。亞洲大學長期照護研究所學位論文。2008。1-128。
  5. 陳昭君(2011)。以健保資料庫分析腦血管疾病共病之相對風險性。亞洲大學資訊工程學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-91。
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