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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.Burney RE, Maio RF, Maynard F, Karunas R. Incidence, Characteristics, and Outcome of Spinal Cord Injury at North America. Archives of Surgery 1993 May; 128(5): 596-9.
  2. 2.Burke DA, Linden RD, Zhang YP, Masite AC, Shields CB. Incidence Rates and Populations at Risk for Spinal Cord Injury: A Regional study. Spinal Cord 2001 May; 39(5): 274-8.
  3. 3.Sekhon L, Fehling MG. Epidemiology, Demographics, and Pathophysiology of Acute Spinal Cord Injury. Spine 2001 Dec 15; v26 (24 Suppl): S2-12.
  4. 4.Okonkwo DO, Stone JR. Basic Science of Closed Head Injuries and Spinal Cord Injuries. Clinics in Sports Medicine 2003 Jul; 22(3): 467-81.
  5. 5.DeVivo MJ, Stover SL, Black KJ. Prognostic Factors for 12-Year Survival After Spinal Cord Injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 1992; 73(2): 156-62.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何伶娟(2012)。脊髓損傷患者社會資源應用與生活品質之相關探討。中臺科技大學護理研究所學位論文。2012。1-91。 
  2. 巫怡萱(2010)。脊髓損傷主要照顧者生活品質及其相關因素之探討。臺灣大學職能治療研究所學位論文。2010。1-98。 
  3. 楊淑華(Shu-Hua Yang);楊淑娟(Shu-Chuan Yang);程敏華(Min-Hua Chen);張維琴(Wei-Chin Chang);李雅萍(Ya-Ping Lee);邱雅芳(Yar-Fang Chiou)(2012)。獨立功能程度與自我概念狀況對脊髓損傷患者重返職場的影響。護理暨健康照護研究。8(3)。191-200。 
  4. 李嘉峰(2008)。應用機車駕駛模擬系統探討凹凸路面 對脊髓損傷病人姿態平衡之影響。中央大學機械工程學系學位論文。2008。1-77。
  5. 吳佩霖(2010)。就業中的脊髓損傷者之就業調適歷程探討。臺灣師範大學復健諮商研究所學位論文。2010。1-200。
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