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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 146 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王秀紅(2000)•自我照顧的概念及其在國內護理研究應用之評析•護理雜誌, 47(2),64-70。
  2. 王春葉、江慧珠、陳靖博(2005)•血液透析病患之護理指導•臺灣腎臟護理學會雜誌,4(1),9-16。
  3. 王慈蜂、陳杰峰、許永和、羅德毓、鍾國彪、邱文達(2007)•初次血液透析及腹膜透析之適應症及其品質監測指標•台灣醫學,11(6),662-667。
  4. 王璟璇、王瑞霞、林秋菊(1998a)•門診診斷初期非胰島素依賴型糖尿病患者的自我照顧行為及其相關因素之探討•護理雜誌,45(2),60-74。
  5. 王璟璇、王瑞霞、林秋菊(1998b)•自我照顧行為、自我效能和社會支持對初期非膜島素依賴型糖尿病患者血糖控制之影響•高雄醫誌,14(12),807 – 815。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳玲守(2012)。血液透析與腹膜透析患者健康促進生活型態之比較。中臺科技大學健康產業管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-100。
  2. 王沐昕(2017)。腹膜透析病患照顧行為與腹膜炎之病例對照研究。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2017。1-95。
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