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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 43 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 姚明輝、盧虎生、 朱鈞、蔡金川 (2000) 。DSSAT模式在預測水稻產量及氣候變遷衝擊評估之適用性探討。中華農業研究,第49卷第4期,16-28。
  2. 17. 姚明輝、陳守泓 (2009) 。氣候變遷下水稻生長及產量之衝擊評估。作物、環境與生物資訊,第6卷第3期,141-156。
  3. 26. 王俊豪、方珍玲、陳美芬 (2012) 。農地多功能利用指標系統之建構。 台灣土地研究,第15卷第1期,31-71。
  4. 29. 郭雅紋 (2012) 。氧化亞氮(N2O)之產生和量測。台中區農業改良場101年專題討論專集,277-279。
  5. 30. 陳俊仁、姚明輝、陳宣蘋、廖芳瑾 (2014) 。糧食生產評估系統之建置: 以水稻生產為例。台灣農業研究,第63卷第1期,84-90。
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