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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 53 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8. 林天送(2009),「健康食品解說--CoQ10」,《健康世界》,第287, 22-25。
  2. 9. 林清平,林炎旦(1994),「師範學院美勞教育學系學生能源態度之研究,臺南市,國立臺南師範學院
  3. 11. 林綺珊,李佩芬(2011),「越來越夯的機能性食品」,《健康世界》第305期,29-40。
  4. 15. 唐淑美(2012),「我國健康食品之管理及法制規範」,《生物產業科技管理叢刊》 第3卷第2期, 97-117。
  5. 18. 張東鐘(2003),「生化保健產品行銷─以中國大陸中山理科蟲草王為例」,元智大學管理研究所碩士論文
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝尹甄(2011)。考慮非意欲產出下之公車營運效率分析。交通大學交通運輸研究所學位論文。2011。1-57。 
  2. 劉至剛(2014)。民用航空運量變化對機場經濟效益與環境成本之影響-以臺北國際航空站為例。長榮大學航運管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-76。 
  3. 王俊傑(2009)。台灣航空器維修廠站維修績效評估之研究。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2009。1-104。 
  4. 廖苹掬(2015)。購物中心之品牌形象對購買意圖的影響-以消費態度為中介因子。義守大學管理碩博士班學位論文。2015。1-82。 
  5. 沈子軒(2012)。台灣拖網漁業之效率評估─資料包絡分析法之應用。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2012。1-81。 
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