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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳挺超(2005)。《打造一個綠色烏托邦?!潭南協力造屋的空間生產與文化政治》。臺北:國立臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所碩士論文。
  2. 吳瓊恩(2001)。《行政學》。臺北市 : 三民。
  3. 胡幼慧(1996)。《質性研究》。臺北:巨流。
  4. 胡錦媛(1999)。〈遠離非洲,遠離女性:《黑暗之心》中的旅行敘事〉。《中外文學》。27:97-115。
  5. 夏曉鵑(2003)。〈實踐式研究的在地實踐:以「外籍新娘識字班」為例〉,《台灣社會研究季刊》。49:1-47。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃瓊儀(2010)。舞動生命的樂章-玉門舞集團員之自我實現。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-328。
  2. 林湘蘋(2011)。臺灣赴歐青年志工之旅遊實踐與反思現代性研究。臺灣師範大學歐洲文化與觀光研究所學位論文。2011。1-142。
  3. 洪佩暄(2016)。不同類型公益旅行者休閒效益之研究。虎尾科技大學休閒遊憩系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-116。
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