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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王瑜欣(1993)˙類風濕性關節炎患者生活品質及其相關因素之探討˙國防醫學院護理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 王璟璇、王瑞霞、林秋菊(1998)˙門診診斷初期非胰島素依賴型糖尿病患者的自我照顧行為及其相關因素之探討˙護理雜誌,45(2),60-74。
  3. 行政院主計處(1997)˙中華民國地區老人狀況調查報告˙
  4. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2000)˙台灣老人十年間居住、工作與健康狀況的改變˙引自
  5. 呂寶靜、吳淑瓊(1994)˙建立台北市老人養護系統之研究-養護機構的調查˙台北社會局委託研究。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐于茹(2014)。憂鬱對骨質疏鬆骨折之老年人患者再骨折次數之影響。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2014。1-78。 
  2. 黃素猜(2008)。髖關節置換術衛生教育模式之成效。中臺科技大學護理研究所學位論文。2008。1-96。 
  3. 余春娣(2005)。門診重鬱症病患生活品質及其相關因素之探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2005。1-151。 
  4. 程金瀛(2006)。全膝關節置換術病患術後疼痛程度對復原程度的影響。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2006。1-72。
  5. 廖苡凱(2015)。髖部骨折老年病人術後身體活動功能、憂鬱及生活品質之變化趨勢與影響因素。高雄醫學大學護理學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-110。
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