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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 113 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中文文獻:
  2. 于乃玲、胡瑞桃、周碧琴、賴瑞月(1999)。某區域醫院護理人員工作滿意度與留任意願相關性之探討。長庚護理:10(3),28-37。
  3. 牛美雲(2005).護理人員工作滿意度、組織承諾及留任意願之調查研究─以宜蘭縣護理人員為例.未發表的碩士論文,台北:國立台灣大學公共衛生學院醫療機構管理研究所。
  4. 中華民國護理師護士公會全國聯合會(2010,5月31日).台閩地區護理人員統計表.2010年5月31日取自台閩地區護理人員統計表-99年4月
  5. 王淑貞(2011).打造正向執業環境.志為護理,10(1),20-29。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林鳳娟(2013)。從科技壓力的觀點探討使用行動護理車對留任意願之影響。中正大學資訊管理系醫療資訊管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-99。
  2. 黃品尊(2016)。護理人員工作時間之研究。臺北大學法律學系法律專業組學位論文。2016。1-135。
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