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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 15. 吳安妮(2003),平衡計分卡在公務機關實施之探討,研考雙月刊,第27卷,第5期,頁45-61。
  2. 19. 吳濟華(1996),都市公共服務績效量測與都市管理之研究,都市與計劃季刊,第23卷,第1期,第1-l7頁。
  3. 26. 杜佳靜(2004),行政管理績效指標系統化建構模式之研究,中原大學工業工程研究所碩士論文。
  4. 31. 林文燦(2003),落實績效獎金及績效管理制度的參考作法-建立一套兼具效度及公信力的績效評核機制,人事月刊,第36卷,第5 期,頁1 5-34。
  5. 36. 孫本初(2001),績效管理的意涵及其未來發展趨勢,2001年6月14 日臺北市政府績效管理與組織競爭力研討會,臺北:臺北市政府公務人員訓練中心。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江雅嵐(2011)。學校營繕工程人員績效研究-以國立臺灣大學為例。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2011。1-114。 
  2. 洪淑惠(2010)。以修正平衡計分卡建構網路報稅績效評估模式之研究 -以臺北市國稅局為例。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2010。1-122。
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