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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [3]張欽凱、郭旭格(2006),「衰弱症候群」,長期照護雜誌,第10期第3卷,頁203-206。
  2. [4]謝昌成、蕭雅尤、林妙秋、陳碧奇(2010),「老人衰弱症」,家庭醫學與基層醫療,第11期第25卷,頁410-417。
  3. [6]曾明月、徐亞瑛(2008),「老人衰弱之概念分析」,護理雜誌,第6期第55卷,頁80-85。
  4. [7]林雨薇、錢桂玉、許美智(2010),「老年人肌肉減少症的成因與影響」,大專體育,第110期,頁85-91。
  5. [8]何正宇、王志龍、盧玉強、孫淑芬、張兆宏、蔡欣宜(2010),「以Wii(上標TM)建構虛擬實境輔助慢性中風患者復健訓練之療效評估」,臺灣復健醫學雜誌,第38期第1卷,頁11-18。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭希婕(2014)。從地下舞廳躍升國際舞台:國際標準舞在台灣走過一甲子。臺北藝術大學舞蹈研究所理論組學位論文。2014。1-182。 
  2. 吳惠瑩(2009)。中老年女性從事規律性運動社區舞蹈對下肢關節角度、膝關節肌力、骨質密度及平衡能力之影響。屏東科技大學休閒運動保健系所學位論文。2009。1-67。 
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