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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 153 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 王怡茵(2008),建構服務創新衡量模式之研究─以台灣國際觀光旅館業為例。私立長榮大學經營管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,台南縣。
  2. 14. 洪雪華(1997),銀行業服務創新衡量實證之研究。私立長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班,碩士論文,未出版,台南縣。
  3. 26. 陳怡良(2009),知識管理策略對知識創造流程、技術創新績效之影響-以人力資本為調節變數。國立成功大學高階管理碩士在職專班,碩士論文,未出版,台南市。
  4. 42. 劉常勇、謝如梅(2008),建構創業經驗與機會確認之關係架構。創業管理研究,第三卷第一期,頁1-27。
  5. 48. 蕭瑞麟、歐素華、陳蕙芬(2010),"市集脈絡:由組織例規分析資訊科技的創新來源",中山管理評論,(TSSCI)。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張凱登(2016)。微型企業網路創業關鍵成功因素。臺灣大學工業工程學研究所學位論文。2016。1-80。 
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