Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳佳穎、蔡甫昌、陳慶餘(2003)•病情告知•當代醫學,30(11),875-878。
  2. 呂佩佩、陳美伶、鍾昌宏、唐婉如(2004)•癌症病患與家屬對不予急救的認知與態度•腫瘤護理雜誌,5(1),15-22。
  3. 李明濱(1997)•病人自主與知情同意•醫學教育,1(4),377-387。
  4. 辛幸珍(2006)•以家庭為中心之價值觀對老年末期醫療抉擇之影響:比較台灣年老者與紐西蘭老人之觀點•台灣醫學人文學刊,8(1&2),179-190。
  5. 辛幸珍、江秀娟、戴正德(2002)•護理人員臨床工作中所面臨之倫理議題•醫學教育,6(3),56-63。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王素鴻(2010)。某醫學中心安寧療護轉介時機之探討。中山醫學大學醫學研究所學位論文。2010。1-62。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :