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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 151 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王娜玲(2009)。臺北市國小校長領導行為與教師組織公民行為之研究。臺北市立教育大學學報,40(1),119-156。
  2. 王馥庭、李弘暉(2008)。交易型領導、信任與組織公民行為之關係。護理雜誌,55(4)。
  3. 李欣怡(2005)。探討台灣觀光旅館內部行銷、心理依附與服務導向組織公民行為關係之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立高雄餐旅學院餐旅管理研究所,高雄。
  4. 李諺勳(2007)。餐旅從業從業人員生涯發展與組織承諾之研究-以國際觀光旅館為例。未出版碩士論文,國立高雄餐旅學院,高雄。
  5. 林岳欣(2009)。大學學務主管僕人式領導、部屬工作士氣及服務導向組織公民行為關係模式之研究 -以主管幽默為干擾變項。未出版之碩士論文,長榮大學,台南。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林群峰(2015)。雇主品牌認知與組織認同關係之探討-以僕人式領導為干擾變數。長榮大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-94。 
  2. 黃文鎮(2013)。主管僕人式領導與員工組織承諾及其工作績效關係之研究─以臺南市戶政事務所為例。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2013。1-211。 
  3. 陳隆誌;洪偉欽;侯堂盛;周柏宏(2013)。八週核心肌群全身性阻力運動對青少年體適能之影響。嘉大體育健康休閒期刊。12(2)。98-107。 
  4. 李尹鑫(2011)。拔河機的開發與評估。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2011。1-42。
  5. 陳馨怡(2014)。低負荷持弓臂訓練對射箭選手射箭成績及持弓臂肌力之影響。中正大學運動與休閒教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-43。
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