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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 291 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文峰(2003)。私立中等學校主管領導型態、組織溝通滿足、激勵制度與學校效能關係之研究-以台南市為例。國立成功大學企業管理學系碩博士班碩士論文,台南市。
  2. 王傑明(2004)。主管領導行為、工作特性、工作滿意度與離職傾向之關係研究,以高科技產業員工為例。國立成功大學企業管理研究所碩士論文,台南市。
  3. 余嬪(2005)。工作趣味化:玩興管理的概念與方向。應用心理研究,28期,頁73-94。
  4. 吳天元、吳天方、樊學良、林建江(2003)。教育競爭力理論基礎之建構。「全球化、教育競爭力與高等教育改革」學術研討會論文集,中華民國比較教育學會、國立中正大學。嘉義:中正大學。
  5. 李紹廷譯。James C. Hunter著(2005)。僕人修練與實踐。台北:城邦文化事業股份有限公司。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 闕帝雄(2015)。服務導向領導與知覺主管支持對於銷售行為之影響。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-88。 
  2. 林群峰(2015)。雇主品牌認知與組織認同關係之探討-以僕人式領導為干擾變數。長榮大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-94。 
  3. 黃文鎮(2013)。主管僕人式領導與員工組織承諾及其工作績效關係之研究─以臺南市戶政事務所為例。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2013。1-211。 
  4. 劉柏松(2012)。僕人式領導、組織公民行為、工作績效關係之研究─以南台灣觀光飯店為例。長榮大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-109。 
  5. 許淑萍(2012)。表演藝術團體僕人領導行為、工作滿意及組織承諾相關之研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系學位論文。2012。1-161。
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