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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 9. 林肇炫(2007)。公寓大廈管理維護成效之研究—以台南市東區為例。長榮大學土地管理與開發研究所碩士論文。
  2. 12. 洪幸妙、張金鶚(1993)。住宅管理維護對住宅品質之影響研究。 都市與計劃,20(1),1-22。
  3. 13. 洪子茵、張金鶚(2002)。台北市集合住宅管理維護模式之研究, 都市與計劃。29(3),421-444。
  4. 14. 陳香妃、張金鶚、葉毅明(2007)。從集體行動看社區意識與管理制度對公寓大廈管理維護之影響—管理維護客觀績效與社區主委主觀滿意度分析。都市與計畫,34(2),139-163。
  5. 15. 陳煌翔(2006)。郊區型大學與都市型大學校外學生出租宿舍居住品質與租金水準差異之研究-以長榮大學與成功大學為例。長榮大學土地管理與開發研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 宋雅筠(2012)。建構取向五階段教學法對提升國小資優生幾何概念之成效。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2012。1-185。
  2. 歐建榮(2013)。嵌入數位遊戲於5E學習環教學法對八年級學生學習光學概念之成效評估。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2013。1-121。
  3. 吳曉青(2016)。Google Classroom融入5E模式對學生的興趣影響之行動研究─以七年級自然與生活科技為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-158。
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