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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 110 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國學校衛生護理學會(2013,12月).學校衛生法.取自
  2. 中華民國護理師護士公會全國聯合會(2015,7月).台閩地區護理人員統計表(104.07).取自
  3. 中華民國護理師護士公會全國聯合會(2016,1月).104年護理薪資與 護病比調查統計.取自
  4. 王佳雯、鄭雅文、李論昇、徐儆暉(2010).職場社會心理危害調查監 測制度之國際概況.臺灣公共衛生雜誌,29(6),551-560 doi:10.6288/TJPH2010-29-06-09
  5. 向肇英、李介至、鄭素月(2011).臨床護理人員社會支持、工作困境與健康狀態之相關性探討.新臺北護理期刊,13(1),7-18。doi:10.6540/NTJN.2011.1.002
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王莉婷(2017)。8小時與12小時輪班制度中護理人員疲勞與睡眠之相關性研究。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2017。1-83。 
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