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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 94 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王杰毅(2010)。品牌形象、涉入程度、生活型態與購買意願關係之研究-以宏碁電腦產品為例(未出版碩士論文)。國立成功大學,臺南市。
  2. 王豫萱,胡昌亞(2013)。再探組織認同之本質:2002 ~ 2012 之研究回顧與前瞻,人力資源管理學報,13(4),107-137。
  3. 向龍賢(2013)。品牌形象與涉入程度影響購買平板電腦意願之研究(未出版碩士論文)。國立交通大學,新竹市。
  4. 林岳欣(2009)。大學學務主管僕人式領導、部屬工作士氣及服務導向組織公民行為關係模式之研究-以主管幽默為干擾變項(未出版碩士論文)。私立長榮大學,臺南市。
  5. 林家五(2006)。認定與認同在組織中的運作歷程:利益關係者理論的觀點。人力資源管理學報,6(3),119-142。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林佩蓁(2010)。臺北縣國民中學特教教師與學校組織疏離感之調查研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-111。
  2. 蕭克忠(2016)。學校組織變化與人事人員工作疏離感之研究-以臺中市國民小學為例。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2016。1-140。
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