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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 94 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 白如玲(2014)。新興國道客運旅途服務品質研究。島嶼觀光研究,7(3),71-72。
  2. 朱湘寧、廖紫柔、巫沛倉、李宛蓁(2014)。模糊理運應用於旅遊業PZB服務品質評量之研究。觀光與休閒管理期刊,2(1),110-116。
  3. 吳克、方顯光、陳竹萍(2013)。運用 TOPSIS 建構決策支援系統評選之研究 —以學校午餐採購廠商遴選為例。華人經濟研究,11(2),31-33。
  4. 吳沛峰(2004)。台南市政府服務品質滿意度之研究---以勞工局為例(未出版之碩士論文)。國立成功大學政治經濟學研究所,台南市。
  5. 吳孟爵、楊東震、黃泰源(2007)。運動休閒服務業服務品質衡量模式之研究。台灣體育運動管理學報,(5),56-57。
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