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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [6] C. Kittel, Introduction to solid state physics (Wiley, Hoboken, 2005) 121-122
  2. [9] D. H. Kim, and T. Mitani, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 399, 14 (2005).
  3. [13] D. M. Rowe, "Thermoelectric Handbook: Macro to Nano"(2006) p27-16
  4. [14] Y. Hori, D. Kusano, T. Ito, and K. Izumi, 18th International Conference on Thermoelectrics, 328 (1999)
  5. [15] X. A. Fan, J. Y. Yang, R. G. Chen, H. S. Yun, W. Zhu, S. Q. Bao, and X. K. Duan, Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics 39, 740 (2006)
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔣家偉(2016)。利用熱壓與電流輔助退火對可撓式3-D碲化鉍系薄膜發電元件之熱電性質與電訊性質研究。中正大學化學工程學系學位論文。2016。1-139。
  2. 朱菀翎(2016)。Bi-Sb-Te/Te複合濺鍍薄膜熱電性質與微結構之研究。清華大學材料科學工程學系學位論文。2016。1-50。
  3. 游福全(2016)。利用電流輔助熱壓與退火對電沉積碲化鉍系於其晶種層之熱電性質研究。中正大學化學工程學系學位論文。2016。1-150。
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