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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 24 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. [2] Merten J., Asensi J. M., Voz C., Shah A. V., Platz R., Andreu J., ”Improved equivalent circuit and analytical model for amorphous silicon solar cells and modules”, IEEE Transactions on electron devices, Vol. 45, No. 2, pp. 423-429, February 1998.
    2. [3] Stutenbaeumer U., Mesfin B., “Equivalent model of moncrystalline, polycrystalline and amorphous silicon solar cells”, Renewable energy, Vol. 18, pp.501-512, 1999.
    3. [4] Blas M. A. de, Torres J. L., Prieto E., Garcĭa A., “Selecting a suitable model for characterizing photovoltaic devices”, Renewable energy, Vol. 25, pp.371-380, 2002.
    4. [5] Araki K., Yamaguchi M., “Novel equivalent circuit model and statistical analysis in parameter identification”, Solar energy materials & solar cells, Vol. 75, pp. 457-466, 2003.
    5. [6] Thongron J., Kirtikara K., Jivacate C., “A method for determination of dynamic resistance of photovoltaic modules under illumination”, Solar energy materials & solar cells, Vol. 90, pp. 3078-3084, 2006.
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張心瑗(2017)。熱電致冷晶片應用於保溫杯墊之設計。中原大學機械工程研究所學位論文。2017。1-64。 
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