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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 15 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [5] Pao-Lung Chen, Member, IEEE, Ching-Che Chung, Member, IEEE, Jyh-Neng Yang, Member, IEEE, and Chen-Yi Lee, Member, IEEE., “A Clock Generator With Cascaded Dynamic Frequency Counting Loops for Wide Multiplication Range Applications”, IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 41, NO. 6, JUNE 2006
  2. [6] Robert Bogdan Staszewski and Poras T. Balsara, “Phase-Domain All-Digital Phase-Locked Loop”, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS—II: EXPRESS BRIEFS, VOL. 52, NO. 3, MARCH 2005
  3. [7] Zhenbiao Li and Kenneth K. O, “A Low-Phase-Noise and Low-Power Multiband
  4. [8] Marc Tiebout, Member, IEEE, “Low-Power Low-Phase-Noise Differentially Tuned Quadrature VCO Design in Standard CMOS”, IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 36, NO. 7, JULY 2001
  5. [11] Ali M. Niknejad, Student Member, IEEE, and Robert G. Meyer, Fellow, IEEE, “Analysis, Design, and Optimization of Spiral Inductors and Transformers for Si RF IC’s”, IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 33, NO. 10, OCTOBER 1998
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖琍華(1999)。國中生活科技教師使用之教學策略及其相關因素之研究。臺灣師範大學工業科技教育學系學位論文。1999。1-102。
  2. 李怡斌(2002)。國中生食品綠色消費者教育課程之成效評估。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2002。1-83。
  3. 姚乃慈(2004)。問題導向學習教學策略在國中生活科技課程實施成效之研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2004。1-179。
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