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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 2.王健全等人(2001)。再造傳統製造業競爭優勢。台北:中華經濟研究院。
    2. 5.朱正中(1996)。依比較利益強化產業競爭力。台灣經濟研究月刊,19卷,
    3. 3期,23-28頁。台北:台灣經濟研究院。
    4. 版一刷)。台北市:台灣培生教育。(Paul Trott, 2005)
    5. (Peter F. Drucker)
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 謝孟寰(2013)。台灣手工具產業轉型發展之競爭策略—以詠基工業為例。臺中科技大學企業管理系事業經營碩士班學位論文。2013。1-115。 
    2. 黃麗茹(2014)。運用價值工程提升新產品競爭力之探討:以無線通訊SiP產品為例。清華大學工業工程與工程管理學系學位論文。2014。1-91。
    3. 呂明鳳(2016)。傳統產業企業實施ERP之關鍵成功因素研究:以N藥廠為例。朝陽科技大學企業管理系學位論文。2016。1-82。
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