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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 29. 林靈宏(民82),消費品類型、創新類型與新產品行銷策略關係研究,國立政治大學企業管理研究所未出版博士論文。
  2. 44. 陳明璋(民86),「數位化時代的企業創新策略」,貿易雜誌第13期,台北市進出口商業同業公會出版。
  3. 57. 曾寶玲(民88),企業核心能力與人力資源策略關係之研究,國立台臺灣師範大學工業科技教育研究所未出版碩士論文。
  4. 1. Abernathy and Clark (1985), “Innovation: Mapping the Winds of Creative Destruction”, Research Policy, pg. 3, 19pgs.
  5. 6. Briance, M. et. al. (1998),“Dynamics of core competencies in leading multinational companies”, California Management Review, Berkeley, 40(4), pg. 117, 16 pgs.
Times Cited (14) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊恩忠(2008)。金融控股公司經營策略與經營績效關聯研究。中原大學企業管理學系學位論文。2008。1-90。 
  2. 劉冠亨(2007)。我國TFT LCD面板廠核心能耐與整合策略關係之研究。中原大學企業管理學系學位論文。2007。1-121。 
  3. 許熒玉(2005)。核心擴張模式、供應鏈策略與集團經營績效關係之研究–以台灣特力集團與香港利豐集團為探討對象。中原大學企業管理學系學位論文。2005。1-125。 
  4. 陳德富(2005)。台灣地區營建業轉型與多角化經營研究。中原大學企業管理學系學位論文。2005。1-84。 
  5. 張正錩(2005)。我國傳統製造業轉型觀光工廠之經營策略探索性研究。中原大學企業管理學系學位論文。2005。1-99。 
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