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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃世忠(民91),「組織結構、領導風格、員工個人特質、工作特性與工作滿足關係之研究—以中山科學研究院電子系統研究所為例」,中原大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
  2. 蔡渭水、楊仲偉(民89),「台商自大陸技術移轉模式之研究」,管理評論,第十九卷第二期,頁113-137。
  3. Adams,J.Stacey(1965),“ Inequity in Social Exchanges” in Leonard Berkowitz (ed.),Advances in Experimental Social Psychology.Vol.2,New York:Academic Press,pp.267-300.
  4. Bass ,B.M., & Avolio , B.J.(1990),The implications of transactional and transformational Leadership for individual ,team,and organizational development,Research in Organizational Change, 4,231-272
  5. Bass ,B.M., (1985). Leadership and Performance Beyond Expectations. New York : Free Press.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡淑華(2006)。校長領導型式、總務主任準備度與總務處組織效能之關聯性研究—以桃園縣國民小學為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2006。1-251。 
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